Power Sector in India – Highlights of 2011

Posted on January 1, 2012 by


Genearating Capacity Addition

The installed generating capacity in India stood at 185496.62 MW as on 30.11.2011.  The sector and type wise break-up of installed generation capacity as on 30.11.2011 is in the table below.

Sector

Hydro

Thermal

Nuclear

Renewable

Total

Central

8885.4

43407.23

4780

0

57072.63

State

27338

53041.73

0

3225.92

83605.65

Private

2525

25357.02

0

16936.32

44818.34

Total

38748.4

121805.98

4780

20162.24

185496.62

Renewables include small hydro, biomass, biogas, wind and  waste to energy power projects.

 The current status of capacity addition during the 11th 5 year plan (2007-2012) stands at around 71% target.

Type Mid-term appraisal target Commissioned (Upto 30.11.2011)
Hydro 8,237 5302
Thermal 50,757 38588
Nuclear 3,380 880
Total 62,374 44,770*

This includes additional capacity addition of 2186 MW from additional projects.

For the first time in last 4 years, the generation from the installed capacity has been higher than the Target generation. The targets here are the target generation values from the National Electricity Policy with the aim of Electricity for all by 2012. The Power generation during the previous years  has not been up to the target due to inadequate availability of fuelinferior quality coal/wet coal, grid constraints, delay in stabilization of new generating units, environmental restrictions, unforeseen forced outages of units and deficient rainfall in catchment areas.

Ultra Mega Power Projects

Ministry of Power initiated development of coal based Ultra Mega Power Projects (UMPPs) each of about 4000 MW capacity under bidding route. The UMPPs, employing super critical technology would derive maximum thermal efficiency resulting in saving of fuel and reduced emissions.  Four UMPPs at Sasan in MP, Krishnapatnam in Andhra Pradesh, Tilaiya in Jharkhand have been awarded to M/s Reliance Power Ltd. and Mundra in Gujarat have been awarded to M/s Tata Power Ltd. The unit of 800 MW of Mundra UMPP is expected to come up in the 11th Plan.

For Orissa UMPP in Sundergarh District of Orissa, Request for Qualification (RfQ) has been opened and is under evaluation.  RfQ for Chhattisgarh UMPP has been issued.  The date for submission of RfQ has been extended 9 times due to “Go/No-Go” issue and now valid upto 5th March, 2012. For the Tamil Nadu UMPP and Andhra Pradesh Second UMPP, sites have been identified and efforts are being made to bring them to bidding stage at the earliest. Site selection for remaining UMPPs is underway.

Open Access Operationalization

Open access is one of the key features of the Electricity Act, 2003.  Open access in inter-state transmission is fully operational.  Ministry of Power is working on giving impetus to implementation of open access over transmission lines of State utilities and over the distribution networks.

Ministry of Power in consultation with Ministry of Law & Justice and the Attorney General of India has issued clarification vide letter dated 30.11.2011 stating that “all 1MW and above consumers are deemed to be open access consumers and that the regulator has no jurisdiction over fixing the energy charges for them”.  Implementing these provisions relating to open access would enable much faster adaptation of Open Access across all applicable consumers.

Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana

The “Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana” (RGGVY) was launched by the Central Government in 2005 for attaining the National Common Minimum Programme goal of providing access to electricity to all households in the country. This programme continues in the 11th Plan. Under this programme, the Central Government provides 90% of the project cost as subsidy.

Under RGGVY, there are sanctioned and under implementation

a. 578 projects targeting to electrify 1.10 lakh un-electrified villages

b. intensive electrification of about 3.47 lakh already electrified villages

c. plans to provide free electricity connections to 2.26 crores BPL households

Rural electricification achievements for the year 2011 (from January, 2011 to November, 2011) are as under:

Villages Nos. BPL households
Un-electrified 10,425 35,83,352
Electrified 58,488

BEE Standard & Labelling (S&L) programme and Energy Conservation Building Code Programme(ECBC)

Bureau of Energy Efficiency(BEE) has registered 14 products under the S&L scheme. Out of these, 4 products are under the mandatory labeling regime – frost free refrigerator, room air conditioner, Tubular Florescent Lamps (TFL) and distribution transformer. Other products under the program are direct cool refrigerator, induction motor, agriculture pump sets, ceiling fan, LPG stove, electric storage type geyser, colour television, washing machine, laptop and Air Conditioner of cassette, low static duct, ceiling/floor standing tower models (type B). There have been 4856 fresh approvals given to applicants of star labeled products upto November 2011. There has been a verified energy saving of 2162 MW of avoided generation capacity during the year 2010-11 due to implementation of S&L Scheme. The unverified energy saving up to two quarters of the year 2011-12 is reported to be 1045 MW of avoided generation capacity.

Window labeling programme has been developed and is under finalization. Under Star Rating Programme for buildings, based on actual performance of the building, labels for day-use Office buildings, BPOs and shopping malls have been developed. Till date, 130 buildings have been labeled under the various categories of buildings.

BEE’s Bachat Lamp Yojana Programme       

BEE has received 65 BLY projects for inclusion in the registered BLY Programme of Activity under the CDM framework. The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Executive Board has included 42 projects under the Programme of Activity. Under this BLY programme, 245 Lakh CFLs have been distributed in states – Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Delhi. 18 CFL investors have been re-empanelled by BEE for ready reference of Distribution Companies. 18 states have initiated the implementation of BLY.

NMEEE’s Perform, Achieve and Trade (PAT)

Ministry of Power has approved targets for reducing specific energy consumption (SEC) in 477 designated consumers across 8 industrial sectors. 1st cycle of PAT has a national target of energy saving to the tune of 6.6 million tons of oil equivalent. The achievement will be measured in 3 years from the date of notification period. Energy Audits in all DCs have been initiated to explore the potential avenues of energy saving. Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL) has conducted Baseline Energy Audit in 343 industries. Ministry is also undertaking a number of workshops to consult stakeholders like designated consumers, regulators, energy auditors & managers, energy exchanges, State Designated Agencies, Industrial associations etc.

Growth in Electricity Trading
Volume of electricity traded in the short-term has been continuously increasing over past few years. The share of short-term electricity traded in the total electricity generation also increased from 2.16% to 5.34% from 2004-05 to 2010-11. The volume of electricity in units transacted through trading licensees and power exchanges has increased four times since trading started under the Electricity Act 2003. The volume of electricity traded in 2004-05 was 11.85 Billion Units, rising to 43.22 Billion Units in 2010-11. Direct bilateral transactions between utilities account for 10.25 billion units in the year 2010-2011. Open access consumers are a growing class of consumers accessing the short-term trading market to procure power.

Short-term power trading, undertaken through traders, power exchanges and distribution companies, allows optimal utilization of generating resources. Variations in climatic conditions, fuel availability and loads, there are bound to be power surplus and power deficit across the vast geography of India. Regulatory commissions have taken a number of measures to facilitate short-term power trading. There are 44 entities licensed to trade electricity by CERC. Trading operations through licensed traders began in 2004-05 and power exchanges – IEX and PXIL commenced its operations in July and October of 2008 respectively.

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