Gas based power generation in India – NG supply

Posted on September 11, 2011 by


As per a recent information recently released by the Ministry of Power, the capacity of gas-based power generation in India as on 31.07.2011 is around 16,640 MW. The requirement of gas to operate the gas based power projects at full load capacity i.e. 90% PLF is 82 million metric standard cubic meter per day (mmscmd).  The Central Electricity Authority (CEA) has reported that the quantum of gas supplied / consumed for power generation was 57 mmscmd in July 2011. The quantum of long term contracted Re-Liquefied Natural Gas (RLNG) consumed for power generation was 4.79 mmscmd during 2010-11.

As per the ministry, no existing gas based power project is lying idle due to inadequate availability of gas in long term basis. Some of the gas based power plants have been reporting generation loss due to short supply of gas. On this issue, Ministry of Power has requested Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas to take remedial measure to restore the supply. The multi-pronged strategy to augment gas supplies and bridge the gap between supply and demand for the domestic market including power sector includes

  1. MoPNG is taking steps to increase availability of gas from domestic sources by awarding gas blocks for Exploration & Production activities in various sedimentary basins of the country under the New Exploration Licensing Policy.
  2. MoPNG is encouraging import of gas in the form of Liquefied Natural Gas and also making efforts for import of gas through international pipelines projects.
  3. To explore and produce new sources of natural gas from coal bearing areas, Government has formulated a Coal Bed Methane (CBM) Policy providing attractive fiscal and contractual framework for exploration and production of CBM in the country.
  4. The Government is encouraging Under Ground Coal Gasification and coal liquification and investment by private entrepreneurs in development of these frontier technologies.
  5. In the allocation of gas from KG basin (D-6), the power sector has been given priority.

The Ministry of Power has already requested MoPNG for immediate allocation of about 32 mmscmd of gas in the 11th Plan. In addition to it, MoP has recommended for allocation of about 24 mmscmd of gas for Central & State Sector projects likely to be commissioned in 12th Plan.

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