Electricity – demand supply in India – last 25 years

Posted on August 31, 2011 by


A recently released data by the Ministry of Power shows that the average annual rate of growth of demand and availability of electrical energy in the last 25 years is 6.35% and 6.28% respectively. Though both demand and supply have grown at similar rates, the power deficit has continued.

Ideally, the capacity should have been added at a higher pace, but issues such as resettlement and rehabilitation issues, law and order problems, slow progress of civil works, poor geology, difficult site conditions, shortage of manpower etc have hampered the rate of generation capacity addition. The generating capacity addition has gained momentum in the last few years and is expected to exceed the growth in energy requirement.

 Energy Requirement and Energy Availability in the country from 1984-85 to 2010-11

YEAR

Energy Requirement

Energy Availability

Rate of Growth

Energy Requirement

Energy Availability

(MU)

(MU)

(%)

(%)

1984-85

155432

145013

1985-86

170746

157262

8.97

7.79

1986-87

192356

174276

11.23

9.76

1987-88

210993

187976

8.83

7.29

1988-89

223194

205909

5.47

8.71

1989-90

247762

228151

9.92

9.75

1990-91

267632

246560

7.42

7.47

1991-92

288974

266432

7.39

7.46

1992-93

305266

279824

5.34

4.79

1993-94

323252

299494

5.56

6.57

1994-95

352260

327281

8.23

8.49

1995-96

389721

354045

9.61

7.56

1996-97

413490

365900

5.75

3.24

1997-98

424505

390330

2.59

6.26

1998-99

446584

420235

4.94

7.12

1999-00

480430

450594

7.04

6.74

2000-01

507216

467409

5.28

3.60

2001-02

522537

483350

2.93

3.30

2002-03

545674

497589

4.24

2.86

2003-04

559264

519398

2.43

4.20

2004-05

591373

548115

5.43

5.24

2005-06

631757

578819

6.39

5.30

2006-07

690587

624495

8.52

7.31

2007-08

739343

666007

6.59

6.23

2008-09

777039

691038

4.85

3.62

2009-10

830594

746644

6.45

7.45

2010-11

861591

788355

3.60

5.29

Average Rate of Growth

6.35

6.28

Source : Ministry of Power.

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