Power Generation in India : Capacity grows by 37% in four years

Posted on August 27, 2011 by


A recent Load Generation Balance Report prepared by the Central Electricity Authority for the 2011-12 showed that the energy shortage and peak shortage in the country stand at 10.3% and 12.9% respectively. But the efforts to bridge this gap are underway in a number of mechanisms and are yielding returns. Some of the measures include acceleration in generating capacity addition, rigorous monitoring of on-going generation projects, coordinated operation and maintenance of hydro, thermal and nuclear and gas based power stations to optimally utilize the existing generating capacity and strengthening of inter-state and inter-regional transmission capacity for optimum utilization of available power etc.

On the capacity addition front, the eleventh plan has already seen an addition of 40,781 MW of power generation capacity in India. This is nearly double the capacity added in the entire Tenth Plan. Minister of Power, Mr. Sushil Kumar Shinde recently said the last four years have seen rapid strides in capacity addition and the installed power generation capacity in the country has gone up from approximately 1,32,000 MW in March 2007 to over 1,81,000 MW in July 2011. This represents an unprecedented growth of 37%. The encouraging part of the capacity addition is that there is a strong private sector participation. At the end of the plan, the private sector is expected to have contributed nearly 19,000 MW, accounting to more than a third of the capacity addition in the Plan. Private sector participation is expected to go higher and be more than 50% of the capacity addition proposed for the 12th Plan.

The installed power generation is also coupled with initiatives underway to augment domestic manufacturing capacity for power plants and Balance of Plants.  The manufacturing capacity of BHEL is being increased from 10,000 MW in December, 2007 to 20,000 MW by 2012. Several new joint venture companies have been formed to manufacture supercritical boilers and turbine-generators for thermal power plants.

A significant portion of capacity addition in the 12th Plan is expected to come through super-critical technology. The Indian Government has approved bulk tendering for 11 units of 660MW each. This tendering is in the advanced stage of finalization and bulk tendering for nine units of 800 MW each has been approved. These contracts would provide for development indigenous manufacturing of supercritical equipment. The UMPP initiative , which is part of the National Action Plan on Climate Change, was launched for development of coal-based power projects of 4000 MW capacity each utilizing super critical technology. The bidding for four UMPPs is complete and these have been transferred to the identified developers. Two units of Mundra UMPP of 800 MW each are expected to be commissioned in the 11th Plan itself.

The energy and peaking shortage of power during April to July, 2011 numbers stood at 6.2% and 9.9%, down from11.1% and 13.8% in April to July, 2010.

Also read: Electricity – demand supply in India – last 25 years

Source : Statement by the Minister of Power Shri Sushilkumar Shinde addressing the members of the Parliamentary Consultative Committee attached to his Ministry. 25th August 2011.

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