Climate Change – Constitution to safeguard Mexico

Posted on July 19, 2011 by


In light of the recent failures of international climate talks to address critical issues related to climate change, there have been sporadic developments and evolutions of internal climate Change laws in a number of countries, to combat the effects of climate change.

Mexico is one of the countries to have pursued this course and just like India with its missions, Mexico has adopted a top down approach in order to enable a sterner implementation framework.

This scheme is built around the Mexican Political Constitution which grants citizens the right to an environment adequate for their development and welfare. This covers the use of and the benefit from natural resources, environmental care and prevention of contamination.

The laws that complement this scheme are;

  • The General Law of Ecological Equilibrium and Environmental Protection
  • The General Law for Comprehensive handling and Prevention of Waste
  • Law Regulating Constitutional Article 27 in the Field of Petroleum
  • Law for Use of Renewable Energy Sources
  • Public Electricity Service Law

The proposed General Laws on Climate Change, once implemented, will amend more than 30 existing Mexican laws. The purpose is to centralize and unify the currently dispersed legal instruments governing climate change directives thus making compliance with climate change obligations far simpler.

The proposal seeks to establish:

  • The National Climate Change System

This system will act as an information network between the various climate change institutions and the public.

  • Climate Change Commission

This commission will replace the existing Inter-Secretarial Climate Change Commission. It will also coordinate, formulate and implement Mexico’s Climate Change policy.

  • The Climate Change Council

This will be the monitoring body. Members will include those from the civil society, private organizations and academic bodies. Along with the commission, it will have to submit annual reports to the Legislative Power.

 Moreover, through “Energy Reform” published in 2008, the Mexican government is seeking to establish a legal framework that will permit the implementation of flexible and efficient projects and to promote the use of clean energy, safeguard the environment, and foster energy sustainability.

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