India’s Clean Revolution promises employment to 10.5 million

Posted on April 27, 2011 by

As India attracts more investments in the cleantech space, the sector holds a promise of more than 1 crore jobs by 2020. The Climate Group, a global environmental think tank released a report “India’s Clean Revolution” last month. The report indicates the enormous potential of India’s rising cleantech sector to generate new income and jobs in the process of developing domestic renewable energy resources and clean technologies. Since the field ‘technology’ intensive, the right skillset needs to be developed to realize this potential and manage the transition to a low carbon economy.

Green Jobs or green-collar jobs in UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme) parlance are the “work in agricultural, manufacturing, R&D, administrative and service activities that contribute substantially to preserving or restoring environmental quality.” For India, this definition can encompass jobs ranging from architects designing sustainable homes, to organic farmers to environmental engineers. All these field and the other specialist knowledge-intensive ones such as the solar energy technology ventures, wind turbine manufacturers, jatropha farms or eco-tourism ventures need for a huge base of trained talent.

The report predicts the wind sector to lead creating between 150,000 to 250,000 jobs. The wind sector is expected to be a Rs 60,000 crore sector by 2020. The solar industry is predicted to create 117,000 to 235,000 jobs, generating a overall sector size of Rs. 32,000 crores. The small hydro and biomass sectors are predicted to be worth Rs 27,000 crore and Rs 32,000 crore respectively in 2020, with similar estimates for news job added.

The potential from the overall the cleantech industry is even higher. The government’s plans on special economic zones (SEZs) will provide investment subsidies of 20-25 per cent for semiconductors. These subsidies will be worth more than Rs 150,000 crores. This semiconductor eco-system for production of critical components for the industry will employ some 3.6 million people by 2015. Biofuels, an area which is not yet addressed completely due to food security concerns, could add 5 million jobs being a farm-level manual work.


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Posted in: Renewable Energy