Wind power India – Linking to NAPCC

Posted on February 28, 2011 by

India’s National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) was announced in June 2008. As one of the tactics and strategies for minimizing, mitigating and adapting to climate change, there is goal of increasing the share of renewable energy in the total energy mix to 15% by 2020. Coal and oil having been our key power generation sources (and also contributors to GHG emissions), coupled with growing energy demand and deficit, this is a very strategic initiative. To achieve this, NAPCC recommended pegging the minimum share of renewable energy in the national grid at 5%, starting 2009-10. This share would then be increased by 1% per annum to reach 15% by 2020. On a installed capacity base of around 160,000MW ( and growing), even 1% growth requires installation and commissioning of minimum of 1,600MW of renewable power every year. Given our speed of execution (as against our neighbour in the north), this task is difficult and requires a quantum change in the way RE is handled.

Wind power has witnessed a phenomenal growth in India over the past few years. Along with solar, it is rated as capable of making significant contribution towards India’s energy secure future and a low-carbon economy. To meet the targets and also to fulfill the potential, country’s current cumulative installed wind capacity should grow from 13 GW (as on Dec 2010) to reach 64 GW by 2020 (as per GWEC estimates). India’s current annual wind power market is about 2200 MW. It is forecasted to grow to a 5000 MW annual market by 2015 (as per research done by the World Institute of Sustainable Energy). For India to meet the NAPCC target of 15% RE by 2020, wind power will have to be significant contributor to the total energy mix. Wind power will require an additional installed capacity of almost 50 GW by 2020, over and above the present level. This does pose several challenges for policy makers and regulators, and wind industry in India to meet the NAPCC target.  The wind industry and India’s energy security will get the much needed boost if the policymakers focus on

1. augmenting the power evacuation/grid facilities and transmission planning

2. availability of non-recourse project financing and skilled manpower

3. speedy and appropriate implementation of the latest policy/regulatory measures such as renewable energy certificates (RECs).

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Posted in: Renewable Energy